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Teoret. i eksperim. khimiya. 2007. Vol.43 No. 1. p. 30-37

Effect of Headgroup Nature on the Micellar Effects of Comicelles
Functional/Cationic Surfactant in the Reactions of Acyl Transfer


I. A. Belousova, E. A. Karpichev, T. M. Prokopieva,
L. V. Lukyanova, V. A. Savyolova, A. F. Popov

L. M. Litvinenko Institute of Physical Organic and Coal Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Vul. R. Luxemburg, 70, Donetsk 83114, Ukraine. Е-mail: euak@skif.net

Reactivity of comicelles functional/cationic detergent (functional detergents: 1-cetyl-3-(2-oximino- propyl), 1-cetyl-3-(2-amino-2-oximinoethyl), 1-cetyl-3-(2-oxaminoethyl-2-on) imidazolium chlorides; cationic detergents: 1-cetyl-3-methyl imidazolium and cetyltrimethyl ammonium chlorides) toward 4-nitrophenyl esters of diethylphosphoric, diethylphosphonic and toluenesulfonic acid was studied. It was shown that nucleophilicity of the functional groups in the detergents unaffected significantly with the nature of the head group in the detergent and the proportion of the functional detergent in comicelle. This provides the possibility to design the systems capable of abnormally fast decomposing the organo- phosphoric substrates even at a small concentration of the functional detergent.

Key word functional surfactants, organophosphorous compounds, nucleophilicity, micellar effects.